Born: around 1170
Baha-ud-din Zakariya (R.A) was a Sufi of Suhrawardiyya order (tariqa). His full name was Al-Sheikh Al-Kabir Sheikh-ul-Islam Baha-ud-Din Abu Muhammad Zakaria Al-Qureshi Al-Asadi Al Hashmi. Sheikh Baha-ud-Din Zakariya (R.A) known as Bahawal Haq was born at Kot Kehror, a town of the Layyah District near Multan, Punjab, Pakistan, around 1170. His grandfather Shah Kamaluddin Ali Shah Qureshi Al-Hashmi arrived in Multan from Mecca en route to Khwarezm where he stayed for a short while. In Tariqat he was the disciple of renowned Sufi master Shaikh Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi (R.A) who awarded him Khilafat only after 17 days of stay at his Khanqah in Baghdad. For fifteen years he went from place to place to preach Islam and after his wanderings Bahawal Haq (R.A) settled in Multan in 1222.
Baha-ud-din Zakariya (R.A) died in 1267 and his mausoleum, Darbar Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya (R.A), is located at Multan. The mausoleum is a square of 51 ft 9 in (15.77 m), measured internally. Above this is an octagon, about half the height of the square, which is surmounted by a hemispherical dome. The mausoleum was almost completely ruined during the siege of 1848 by the British, but was soon afterward restored by the Muslims.
Baha-ud-din Zakariya (R.A) had seven sons who gained fame in their own right as great Sufis – Shaykh Sadruddin Arif, Shaykh Burhanuddin, Shaykh Ziauddin, Shaykh Alauddin, Shaykh Qudrat-ud-din, Shaykh Shahab-ud-din, and Shaykh Shams-ud-din. Shaykh Sadruddin Arif’s son was the famous Sufi Shaykh Abul Fath Ruknuddin (R.A), also known as Shah Rukn-e-Alam (R.A). His progeny dispersed all over India during the coming centuries and produced many famous people in all walks of life and scholarship. His descendants are found in Multan, Chakwal, jhelum, Bhera, Attock (Pourmiana), Lahore, Khushab, Delhi, Meerut and Allahabad.
Baha ud din (R.A) belongs from genealogy of Al-Qureashi Al-Hashmi Al-Asadi, and is also related to the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
- Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya (R.A), son of
- Muhammad Ghous (Al.maroof) Waji-ud-din (R.A), son of
- Kamal-ud-din Ali Shah (R.A), (his LAQAB was “Abu Bakar”), son of
- Sultan Ali Qudsi (R.A),(known as Sultan Jalal-ud-din), son of
- Sultan Muhammad Shah (R.A), son of
- Sultan Hussain Shah (R.A), son of
- Sultan Abdullah Shah (R.A), (known as “Shamas-ud-din”), son of
- Sultan Hassan Shah (R.A),son of
- Sultan Matarfah Shah (R.A), son of
- Sultan Hazeem Shah (R.A), son of
- Sultan Khadim Shah (R.A), son of
- Ameer Muhammad Taj-ud-din Shah (R.A),son of
- Ameer Abdul Raheem (R.A), son of
- Ameer Abdul Rahman (R.A), son of
- Ameer Ayaaz (R.A), son of
- Asad ibn Hashim (R.A), son of
- Hashim ibn Abd Manaf (R.A), (he is also the father of Abdul Mutlib who is the grandfather of Muhammad)
- Largest university of South Punjab is also called Bahauddin Zakariya University.
He belongs to the Suhrawardiyya Sufi order, which is very prominent in the Mamluk Sultanate of India.